Books and Articles

Roads, Curtis (1985) “Improvisation with George Lewis.” In Composers and the Computer (Roads, C., ed.). Los Altos, CA: William Kaufmann, p. 75-87.

Stern, Max (1988) Organizing procedures involving indeterminacy and improvisation. Journal for New Music Research, 17(2): 103-114.

Wessel, David (1991) “Improvisation with Highly Interactive Real-Time Performance Systems.” In Proceedings of the ICMC (Montreal, Canada), p. 344-347.

Hudak, P. and Berger, J. (1995) “A Model Performance, Interaction and Improvisation”. In Proceedings of the ICMC (Banff, Alberta, Canada), p. 541-548.

Walker W. (1997) “A Computer Participant in Musical Improvisation.” In Proceedings of 1997 Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI ’97), p. 123-130.

Pennycook, B. (1997). "Live electroacoustic music: Old problems, new solutions." Journal of New Music Research, 26(1): 70-95.

Bello, Angelo (1998) “An Application of Interactive Computation and the Concrete Situated Approach to Real-time Composition and Performance.” In Proceedings of the ICMC (University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, US).

Castle, H. and Walton, S. (1998) “On Convincing Human/Machine Improvisation.” In Proceedings of the ICMC (University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA).

Thom, Belinda (1999) “Learning Models for Interactive Melodic Improvisation.” In Proceedings of the ICMC (Beijing, China), p. 190-193.

Appleton, J. (1999). "Reflexions of a Former Performer of Electroacoustic Music." Contemporary Music Review, 18(3): 15-19.

Thom, B. (2001) “Machine Learning Techniques for Real-time Improvisational Solo Trading.” In Proceedings of the ICMC (Havana, Cuba).

D'Arcangelo, G. (2001) “Creating Contexts of Creativity: Musical Composition with Modular Components.” In Proceedings of the 1st Workshop on New Interfaces for Musical Expression (NIME01); ACM SIGCHI 2001.

Bahn, C., Tomie Hahn and Dan Trueman (2001) "Physicality and Feedback: A Focus on the Body in the Performance of Electronic Music." In Proceedings of the ICMC (Havana, Cuba).

Weinberg, G., Aimi, R., and Jennings, K. (2002) “The Beatbug Network - A Rhythmic System for Interdependent Group Collaboration.” In Proceedings of the 2002 Conference on New Instruments for Musical Expression (NIME-02).

Jordà, Sergi (2002) “Improvising with Computers: A Personal Survey (1989-2001).” Journal of New Music Research, 31(1): 1-10. Lisse: Swets & Zeitlinger.

Dean, R. T. (2003) Hyperimprovisation: Computer Interactive Sound Improvisation, with CD-Rom. Madison, WI: A-R Editions.

Blaine, T., and Fels, S. (2003) “Contexts of Collaborative Musical Experiences.” In Proceedings of on New Interfaces for Musical Expression (NIME03) McGill University, Montréal, Canada.

Ventura, D., and Mase, K. (2003) “Duet Musical Companion: Improvisational Interfaces for Children.” In Proceedings of the 2003 Conference on New Interfaces for Musical Expression (NIME-03).

Ciufo, T. (2003). "Design concepts and control strategies for interactive improvisational music systems." In Proceedings of MAXIS, Leeds, UK: Sheffield Hallam University.

Tarabella, Leonello (2004) “Improvising Computer Music: An Approach.” Sound and Music Computing. Paris: IRCAM/Centre Pompidou.

Aimi, R, and Young D. (2004) “A New Beatbug: Revisions, Simplifications, and New Directions.” In Proceedings of the International Computer Music Conference, (Miami, Florida).

Blackwell, T. and Young, M. (2004) “Self-organised music.” Organised Sound, 9(2): 123-136.

Visell, Yon (2004) “Spontaneous Organization, Pattern Models and Music.” Organised Sound, 9(2): 151-165.

Bryan-Kinns, N. (2004) “Daisyphone: The design and impact of a novel environment for remote group music improvisation.” In DIS ’04: Proceedings of the 2004 Conference on Designing Interactive Systems, p. 67–76. ACM Press.

Ciufo, Thomas (2005) “Beginner’s Mind: An Environment for Sonic Improvisation.” In Proceedings of the ICMC (Barcelona, Spain).

Morales R. et al. (2005) “Combining audio and gestures for a real-time improviser.” In Proceedings of the ICMC (Barcelona, Spain).

Hsu, W. (2005) “Using timbre in a computer-based improvisation system.” In Proceedings of the ICMC (Barcelona, Spain).

Rohrhuber, J., de Campo, A. and Wieser, R. (2005) “Algorithms Today: Notes on Language Design for Just In Time Programming.” In Proceedings of the ICMC (Barcelona, Spain).

A. Tanaka, N. Tokui, and A. Momeni (2005) “Facilitating collective musical creativity.” In Proceedings of the 13th ACM International Conference on Multimedia, p. 199–208. ACM Press.

Weinberg, G., and Driscoll, S. (2005) “iltur- connecting novices and experts throught collaborative improvisation.” In Proceedings of the 2005 International Conference on New Interfaces for Musical Expression (NIME05).

Helmuth, Mara (2005) “Virtual Music Performance and Improvisation on Internet2.” Organised Sound, 10(3): 201-207.

Collins, N. (2006) Towards Autonomous Agents for Live Computer Music: Realtime Machine Listening and Interactive Music Systems. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Zadel, M. (2006) "A software system for laptop performance and improvisation." Master’s thesis, McGill University.

Amiot, E., Noll, T., Andreatta, M., Agon, C. (2006) “Fourier Oracles for Computer-Aided Improvisation.” In Proceedings of the ICMC (New Orleans, USA), p. 99-103.

Barrett, Richard (2006) “Improvisation Notes August 2005.” Contemporary Music Review, 25(5-6): 403-404.

Gurevich, Michael (2006) “JamSpace: Designing a Collaborative Networked Music Space for Novices.” In Proceedings of the 2006 International Conference on New Interfaces for Musical Expression (NIME06), Paris, France.

Zadel, M. and Scavone, G. (2006) “Different Strokes: a Prototype Software System for Laptop Performance and Improvisation.” In Proceedings of the 2006 International Conference on New Interfaces for Musical Expression (NIME06), Paris, France.

Kane, Brian (2006) “Improvising Tape Music.” Available online.

Rebelo, P. and Renaud, A. B. (2006) “The Frequencyliator - Distributing Structures for Networked Laptop Improvisation.” In Proceedings of the 2006 International Conference on New Interfaces for Musical Expression (NIME06), Paris, France.

Teitelbaum, Richard (2006) “Improvisation, Computers, and the Unconscious Mind.” Contemporary Music Review, 25(5-6): 497-508.

Behrman, David (2006) “David Behrman [on improvisation].” Contemporary Music Review, 25(5-6): 439-445.

Stout, David (2006) “Improvisation with Laptops.” Contemporary Music Review, 25(5-6): 513-514.

Plans, D. and Morelli, D. (2007) “Remembering the Future: An Overview of Co-Evolution in Musical Improvisation.” In Proceedings of the ICMC (Copenhagen, Denmark), p. 200-205.

Schachter, Daniel (2007) “Towards new models for the construction of interactive electrocoustic music discourse.” Organised Sound, 12(1): 67-78.

McKinney, M. F., Moelants, D., Davies, M.E.P., and Kapluri, A. (2007) “Evaluation of Audio Beat Tracking and Music Tempo Extraction Algorithms.” Journal of New Music Research, 36(1): 1-16.

Weinberg, G., Godfrey, M., Rae, A., and Rhoads, J. (2008) “A Real-Time Genetic Algorithm in HumanRobot Musical Improvisation.” In Proceedings of the ICMC (Copenhagen, Denmark), p. 192-195.

Hsu, William (2007) “Design Issues in Interaction Modeling for Free Improvisation.” In Proceedings of the 2007 Conference on New Interfaces for Musical Expression (NIME07), New York, NY, USA.

Eigenfeldt, Arne (2007) “Real-Time Composition or Computer Improvisation? A composer's search for intelligent tools in interactive computer music.” EMS: Electroacoustic Music Studies Network Proceedings, De Montfort/Leicester.

Fitzell, Gordon (2008) “Riding the Dragon: Toward a Pedagogy of Free Musical Improvisation.” eContact! 10.4.

Bloch, G. and Dubnov, S. (2008) “Introducing Video Features and Spectral Descriptors in the Omax Improvisation System.” In Proceedings of the ICMC (SARC, Belfast, N. Ireland).

Tahiroğlu, K., Drayson, H. and Erkut, C. (2008) “An Interactive Bio-Music Improvisation System.” In Proceedings of the ICMC (SARC, Belfast, N. Ireland).

Anders, T. and Miranda, E. “Constraint-Based Composition in Realtime.” (2008) In Proceedings of the ICMC (SARC, Belfast, N. Ireland).

Palacio-Quintin, C. (2008) “Interactive Composition and Improvisation on the Hyperflute.” In Proceedings of the ICMC (SARC, Belfast, N. Ireland).

Perkis, Tim (2008)Some Notes on My Electronic Improvisation Practice.” Online article.

Moore, Adrian (2008) “Fracturing the Acousmatic: Merging Improvisation with the Disassembled Acousmatic Music.” In Proceedings of the ICMC (SARC, Belfast, N. Ireland).

Bäckmann, Kjell (2008) “Automatic Fitness in Generative Jazz Improvisation.” In Proceedings of the ICMC (SARC, Belfast, N. Ireland).

McLean, A. and Wiggins, G. (2010). "Petrol: Reactive Pattern Language for Improvised Music" In Proceedings of the International Computer Music Conference.

Collins, Nick (2011) “Improvisation.” Leonardo Music Journal, 20: 7-9.


Of Possible Interest:

Bailey, D. (1992) Improvisation: its Nature and Practice in Music. London, UK: The British Library Sound Archive.

Blackwell, T. M. 2001. "Making Music with Swarms". M.Sc. thesis, University College London.

Blackwell, T. M., and Bentley, P. J. (2002) "Improvised music with swarms." In Proceedings of the 2002 Congress on Evolutionary Computation, p. 1,462–7.

Conklin, D. (2003) Music generation from statistical models. In Proceedings of the AISB 2003 Symposium on AI and Creativity in the Arts and Sciences. Aberystwyth, Wales.

Blackwell, T. M. 2003. "Swarm Music: improvised music with multi-swarms." In Proceedings of the 2003 AISB Symposium on Artificial Intelligence and Creativity in Arts and Science, p. 41–9.

Blackwell, T. M., and Young, M. W. (2004) "Swarm Granulator. Applications of Evolutionary Computing." In Proceedings of the EvoWorkshops 2004 (LNCS 3005), p. 399–408. Springer-Verlag.